Thought essay

"The author builds an impressive case for an indigenous African philosophy which is different from but not inferior to European philosophy. This text is valuable because [of its] insights into the relationship between life and thought, philosophy and experience."
— James H. Evans, Jr. , Religious Studies Review "[A] wonderful starting point for understanding black peoples on all sides of the Atlantic."
Colors Magazine "...anyone interested in questions in the philosophy of culture—especially, though by no means only, in Africa—should profit from Gyekye's work... This book is rewarding reading."
— Kwame Anthony Appiah , Times Literary Supplement
  Contents Preface to the Revised Edition
Acknowledgments to the Revised Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Acknowledgments to the First Edition
Guide to the Pronunciation of Akan Words Part I: The Question of Philosophy in African Culture
1. On the Denial of Traditional Thought as Philosophy
2. Philosophy and Culture
Sources of African Philosophical Thought • Collective and Individual Thought • Language and Philosophical Thought • On Defining African Philosophy: Some Proposals
3. Methodological Problems
False Impressions about the Unwritten Character of African Traditional Philosophy • Difficulties Besetting the Study of African Traditional Philosophy Part II: The Akan Conceptual Scheme
4. The Akan Conception of Philosophy
5. Concepts of Being and Causality
God and the Other Categories of Being • Causality
6. The Concept of a Person
Okra (Soul) • Sunsum (Spirit) • Relation of Okra and Sunsum • Relation of Okra (Soul) and Honam (Body) • Akan Psychology and Freud • Conclusion
7. Destiny, Free Will, and Responsibility
Basis of Belief in Destiny • Nature of the Concept • Causality, Fate, Free Will, and Responsibility • The Problem of Evil
8. Foundations of Ethics
Religion and Morality in Akan Thought • The Social and Humanistic Basis of Akan Morality
9. Ethics and Character
The Akan Word for "Ethics" • The Centrality of Character ( Suban ) in Akan Ethics
10. The Individual and the Social Order
Communalism as a Social Theory • The Tensions of Individualism
11. Philosophy, Logic, and the Akan Language
The Mind-Body Problem • Time • Existence, Predication, and Identity • The Ontological Argument • Subject and Predicate • Conclusions Part III: Toward an African Philosophy
12. On the Idea of African Philosophy
The Need not to Generalize • Common Features in African Cultures • The Community of Cultural Elements and Ideas • Conclusion: The Legitimacy of Talking of African Philosophy Notes
Select Bibliography
Name Index
Subject Index

Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.

Thought essay

thought essay

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