Indonesia hosts a sparkling variety of traditional verbal arts (poetry, historical narratives, romances, drama etc.) which are expressed in local languages, but modern genres are expressed mainly through Indonesian. Modern literature (novels, short stories, stage plays, free-form poetry etc.) has developed since the late years of the 19th. century and has produced such internationally recognised figures as novelist Pramoedya Ananta Toer, dramatist . Rendra, poet Chairil Anwar and cinematographer Garin Nugroho. Indonesian is also the language of the nation’s breezy, inventive popular arts: TV melodrama and comedy, pop novels, popular songs, cartoons and comics.
In recent years, Brazil has improved its environmental legislation and several initiatives were put in place to combat climate change, which has led to significant emission reductions. The Amazon Region Protected Areas Program (ARPA) encompasses 60 million hectares of protected areas and the estimated impact of ARPA alone will prevent the emission of 430 million tons of carbon by 2030. Another example is the Marine Protected Areas Program – a pioneer initiative that is expected to triple marine protected areas along Brazil's coast.