In 1995, Rowling finished her manuscript for Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone on an old manual typewriter.  Upon the enthusiastic response of Bryony Evens, a reader who had been asked to review the book's first three chapters, the Fulham-based Christopher Little Literary Agents agreed to represent Rowling in her quest for a publisher. The book was submitted to twelve publishing houses, all of which rejected the manuscript.  A year later she was finally given the green light (and a £1,500 advance) by editor Barry Cunningham from Bloomsbury , a publishing house in London.   The decision to publish Rowling's book owes much to Alice Newton, the eight-year-old daughter of Bloomsbury's chairman, who was given the first chapter to review by her father and immediately demanded the next.  Although Bloomsbury agreed to publish the book, Cunningham says that he advised Rowling to get a day job, since she had little chance of making money in children's books.  Soon after, in 1997, Rowling received an £8,000 grant from the Scottish Arts Council to enable her to continue writing. 
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